Pure ghee, butter, vegetable ghee, rapeseed oil, groundnut oil are all called fat in general. One gram fat generates one-calorie energy in the body. It has the knack to increase the taste of any food item. Not only that the absorption of vitamin A, D,E and K in the intestines takes place when the absorption of fat is reduced. Inside the body the fat protects the heart, kidneys and intestines. The fat beneath the skin gives warmth to the body.
How much fat should be consumed by a person everyday is not yet clear. But different experiments have shown that 15 gm of fat is necessary for a person. 100 gm of peanuts provide 40 gm of fat. The fat, which is present in the food items but is not visible is called invisible fat and the one that is visible is called visible fat. The visible fats include ghee, butter, oil etc.
The people have wrong notions that ghee, butter has strength therefore one should eat more. You might eat bread and butter, ghee in dal, puris whatever but it is not healthy for your body. Half of the ghee consumed is evacuated without being used. The remaining is deposited beneath the skin and makes the body fat and ugly. Consumption of fat can make you fat but not healthy. One more point is that the amount of fat deposited beneath the skin is also deposited in the intestines and arteries, it imbalances the functioning of the body organs. Practicing yoga and pranayam everyday removes the ill effects of fat.
The person doing more of mental work need carbohydrates, protein and vitamins not fat. The brain requires glucose in order to function properly, which is available in all types of carbohydrates. The person who does hard labour requires fat. But it is unfortunate that those who need fat do not get it and those who do not need it, consume it in excess. Fat contains two types of acids: saturated and unsaturated. The saturated fatty acids are also known as useful fatty acids. They are of three types: Linolic, lenolesic and areodetic. All the three acids are available in the vegetable oils in abundant quantity. Whereas the animal fat does not contain this acid. The animal fat includes butter and pure ghee. The vegetable fat does not come under this category. This fat is generated as a result of the hydrogenisation process in vegetable oils. There is a big drawback in this process that it reduces the fatty acids which is necessary for the body. The vegetable fat obtained from the fat of groundnut oil reduces to just two per cent. The excess of fat deposits in the internal blood veins, which is called cholesterol. Due to this the arteries lose the capacity to carry blood. A time comes when the entire blood veins are blocked with cholesterol and as a result the related body organ do not get blood. If the related organ is heat then heart attack is possible and if any other organ then it’s functioning is disrupted. This is due to cholesterol. 90 percent obese people are obese because they consume excess of pure ghee, butter and cream. The remaining 10 per cent of the people are obese due to some other reasons. The obese are prone to the risk of different types of diseases. For example, diabetes, high blood pressure, piles, gall bladder stones, heart attack etc. Almost all the problems are due to the deposition of cholesterol in the blood veins. Some people think that lets enjoy now, we do not have any disease presently, when we have some problem we will leave it. What is the use of the life when you cannot enjoy the taste of these things. This is not the correct thinking, because the food is taken to live and be healthy. We eat to live, we do not live to eat, therefore eat the food which is healthy for the body.
Fried food should be avoided completely if one wants to remain healthy. These items cause ulcers. The fat used for frying is also very harmful. The sweet manufacturers and hoteliers use the same oil again and again. This oil contains hydrocarbon, which can cause stomach cancer. If you cannot stop eating fried things then at least do not eat them outside, prepare them at home. The fried items prepared at home are not very unhealthy.
As much as possible use vegetable oils. They contain high amount of unsaturated and fatty acids. This fatty acid is helpful in reducing the amount of cholesterol in the blood. Besides the vegetable oil it also helps in controlling the heart attack. We have three types of blood cells in the body—white, red and platelets. Cholesterol increases the risk of blockage of the veins and heart attack. This does not mean that you use oils in excess to control heart attack. The oils should be used in reasonable quantity.
Besides there are other reasons responsible for increasing fat in the body, when the thyroid glands do not function properly the rate of digestion reduces, due to which the body weight decreases. Sometime obesity is hereditary. The obese people produce obese children. But most of the times it is due to the excess of calories.
It is easy to control weight instead of increasing it. Proper control on diet can be useful for controlling weight. If the weight increases once then it cannot be reduced later. Obesity is due to the excessive growth of muscles, which accumulate fat. Using different resources can reduce the shape of muscles, but not the number. This is the reason that excessive fat people can reduce weight to some extent but can not finish it. Yoga and pranayam can reduce weight definitely. If excess calories are consumed the body weight increases. Therefore the food should be taken in that quantity, which is necessary for the body. This will reduce weight. The dietitian advise that a person should take 500 calories less than required everyday to reduce two to two and half kilos of weight in a month. Carbohydrates should be reduced in the diet in order to reduce weight. This means that grains, dais and sugar should be reduced. One cup of tea requires 6 gm sugar, if you take four to five cups of tea in a day then you are taking 30 gm sugar or pure carbohydrate, which gives 100 calories. If you stop taking tea then it will be very helpful in reducing the weight. Reduce the quantity of chapattis and dais as well. They contain carbohydrate. Some vegetables like potato, sweet potato also contain high amount of carbohydrate. There is no need to stop the consumption fat completely. You can put ghee in dal or chapatti but not eat fried things. Eat protein food like curd, paneer and drink toned milk. Eat green leafy vegetables for getting mineral salts and vitamins like radish, carrot, gourd, tinda etc. They have less calories. It is always good to have a healthy nutritious breakfast in the morning. Even if you are hungry or not.. The breakfast should include half liter milk and a little bit of sugar to increase the calories. This will give heaviness in the beginning but keep on taking it. This is the best breakfast and the stomach will get used to it in a few months and will demand on its own. This will give around 100 calories.